Canada is a country is the northern side of America which has 10 provinces and three territories spanning a total length of 3.85 square million miles making it the second-largest country in the world by land size. Since the majority of this land is covered by forest and mountains, Canada is sparsely populated with almost 70% of the population living close to the US border. It is a developed country with one of the highest per capita income across the world, this along with it being the 10th largest economy in the world make it an attractive destination for immigration and studies. Living in Canada is an unique experience
Canada is the world’s tenth-largest economy as of 2018, with a nominal GDP of approximately US$1.73 trillion. It is one of the least corrupt countries in the world, and is one of the world’s top ten trading nations, with a highly globalized economy. Canada produces 71% of the total maple syrup in the world. It is a major exporter of services to the US. Like many other developed countries, the Canadian economy is dominated by the service industry, which employs about three-quarters of the country’s workforce
Canada is often associated with cold weather and snow, but in reality, its climate is as diverse as its landscape. Generally, Canadians enjoy four very distinct seasons, particularly in the more populated regions along the US border. Daytime summer temperatures can rise to 35°C and higher, while lows of -25°C are not uncommon in winter. More moderate temperatures are the norm in spring and fall.
Summers can be hot and dry on the prairies, humid in central Canada, and milder on the coasts. Spring is generally pleasant across the country. Autumns are often crisp and cool but brightened by rich orange and red leaves on trees.
Winters are generally cold with periods of snow, although southern Alberta enjoys the occasional “Chinook”, a warm dry wind from the Rocky Mountains that gusts through and melts the snow. Winters are mild and wet on the west coast, in cities such as Vancouver and Victoria.
When the temperature does drop, Canadians stay warm thanks to an infrastructure of heated houses, cars and public transportation systems. Some cities have also installed walkways to and from buildings in schools.
The Canadian dollar is the official currency of Canada. It is abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or sometimes CA$. Accounting for approximately 2% of all global reserves, the Canadian dollar is the fifth most held reserve currency in the world, behind the U.S. dollar, the euro, the yen, and the pound sterling. Since 76.7% of Canada’s exports go to the U.S., and 53.3% of imports into Canada come from the U.S., Canadians are interested in the value of their currency mainly against the U.S. dollar
Ottawa is the capital of Canada. Ottawa has the most educated population among Canadian cities and is home to several post-secondary, research, and cultural institutions, including the National Arts Centre, the National Gallery, and numerous national museums. Ottawa is known as one of the most educated cities in Canada, with over half the population having graduated from college and/or university. Ottawa has the highest per capita concentration of engineers, scientists, and residents with PhDs in Canada. The city has 2 main public universities, Carleton University and the University of Ottawa. Many Students prefer living in Canada due to the great educational facilities
Canada’s official national sports are ice hockey and lacrosse. Canada has participated in almost every Olympic Games since its Olympic debut in 1900, and has hosted several high-profile international sporting events, including the 1976 Summer Olympics, the 1988 Winter Olympics, the 1994 Basketball World Championship, the 2007 FIFA U-20 World Cup, the 2010 Winter Olympics and the 2015 FIFA Women’s World Cup.
Healthcare in Canada is delivered through the provincial and territorial systems of publicly funded health care, informally called Medicare. Universal access to publicly funded health services is often considered by Canadians as a fundamental value that ensures national health care insurance for everyone wherever they live in the country. However, 30 percent of Canadians’ healthcare is paid for through the private sector. This mostly goes towards services not covered or partially covered by Medicare, such as prescription drugs, dentistry, and optometry. Canada’s per-capita spending ranks it among the most expensive health-care systems in the OECD.
According to a 2019 report by the OECD, Canada is one of the most educated countries in the world. The country ranks first worldwide in the number of adults having tertiary education, with over 56 percent of Canadian adults having attained at least an undergraduate college or university degree. Canada spends about 5.3 percent of its GDP on education. The mandatory school age ranges between 5–7 to 16–18 years, contributing to an adult literacy rate of 99 percent
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Some of the top cities in Canada are as below
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