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Education system in Australia

Know all about the education system in Australia

The education system in Australia is known for an unparalleled quality of education, internationally recognized universities, programs, and tremendous employment prospects. Educational institutions in Australia are renowned world over for their teaching methodology, research grants and consistent high quality of education.

Educational excellence, research-based teaching methodology and highly qualified educators are some key reasons behind Australian universities being ranked in the QS World Ranking consistently. They have a consistent and well-structured curriculum that focuses on varied skills such as critical thinking, conceptual understanding, hands-on practical training and research-based projects which help students master the skills.

Additionally, Australia offers a variety of courses in different domains and combinations. One can choose from 20,000+ types of courses available in over 1000 institutions and all this in the five best student cities in the world including Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth, and Brisbane.

Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF)

The education system in Australia is differentiated from other countries by the government designed the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF). Established in 1995, it is a national policy the covers all qualifications across the country.

Under the AQF, there are 10 levels that are consistent across various schools, colleges, universities and educational institutions in a single national educational system. This allows flexibility, choice and better career planning for students to move from one study level to another if their student visa requirements are fulfilled. It helps for better and focussed career planning.

Levels of Education

Education system Australia levels
Education system Australia levels

There are three main types of higher education which lead to Bachelor, Master, and Doctoral Degrees.

In Australia, it is quite common for students to enroll in a double or combined degree program at the bachelor’s or master’s level which leads to the award of dual Degrees. This is most common in the fields of arts, commerce, law, and science.

There are 43 universities in Australia (40 Australian universities, two international universities, and one private specialty university). Along with our universities, many other institutions offer higher education courses

Fee structure

The average tuition fees at one of Australia’s educational institutions ranges between AUD$15,000 and AUD$45,000 a year. The course fee depends on various factors like level of education, university, course type, etc.

Find out more about the cost of studying in Australia in detail here.

Financial aid

Indian students can apply to several government, public as well as institution-specific scholarships. The requirements and guidelines are generally available on the official website of your institution.

To know more in detail regarding the various scholarship programs in Australia and the eligibility for the same, please click here.

Teaching methodology 

The education system in Australia emphasizes practical knowledge, hands-on job experience and getting you ready for employment. Universities in Australia give a great deal of importance for research-based curriculum and learning methodology hence one should be prepared to be an equal partner in the learning process, unlike India.

Vocational & Technical Schools

The Australian Vocational Education and Training (VET) is based on a partnership between government and industry. VET qualifications are imparted by government institutions called TAFE (Technical and Further Education) institutions as well as some private institutions.

This system allows its students to enroll for vocational courses that let them skip university education and apply directly to jobs. The primary focus of these courses is to provide practical learning and industry skills, unlike the regular courses that rely heavily on theoretical and in-depth knowledge.

Government institutions provide funding, develop policies and contribute to regulation and quality assurance of these institutes. The teaching staff at these institutes are mostly industry experts who have has hands-on experience in the field for several years and can thus help nurture talent and develop industry-ready skills. Some of the popular industries that VET students can look at include manufacturing, hospitality, sports, tourism, business, and marketing.


Pathway programs

If you don’t meet the entry requirements to get into the course you want in Australia, there are many pathways that can help you reach your goal. This might include studying in an Australian school, taking English language preparation or studying a vocational education and training course. Foundation Studies involve preparatory course that will give you the additional education you need to enter an undergraduate or graduate course at a university or higher education institution. These studies are usually divided into streams such as business studies and science studies and offer both compulsory and elective subjects. English language support is usually available.

Academic intakes

Unlike a single intake in the Indian universities, Australian colleges and universities offer two major intakes. Intakes may also be referred to as a semester in some universities. The two intakes available in Australia are:

Semester 1:  February

Semester 2: July

Read up about these intakes in detail here.

English language training

Australia is a predominantly English-speaking country and all the course delivery in the classroom takes place in English.  It is essential to be proficient in English communication. In case you have limited proficiency, you are advised to enroll in the English language before you start your program. You can choose from over 100 private English language centers in the country.

Legal Rights & Protection:

Australian government has placed many checks in place to safeguard the rights of an international student in Australia.

As an overseas student are you protected under Australian law. Every course offered to international students is accredited by the Australian government through a CRICOS register to ensure consistency and quality across all universities in the country.

The Tuition Protection Service (TPS) was set up by the Australian government to assist international students in case the institutions they are studying in Australia are not able to fully deliver the course as promised.

Postgraduate study

Both universities and private colleges offer postgraduate courses in Australia. A master’s degree has three formats – Master’s degree (coursework), Master’s degree (research) and Master’s degree (extended). Similarly, on doctorate level, there are two formats- Research doctorate (PhD) and Professional doctorate. Admission criteria at post graduate level is quite competitive including high levels of English language proficiency, and remarkable academic qualifications and work experience in relevant field along with good scores in competitive exams. There are also dual degree masters programs which offer double degrees and help significantly in the development of skillset for a student

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