Name any area in the computer science and technology field – software engineering, web development, cybersecurity, network administration, the list is almost endless – and you are bound to find the demand for trained professionals to be strong and only getting stronger. The key for anyone interested in pursuing a computer career is determining which area suits him or her best and then following an education and employment path to success.
Various Computer Science Fields
Here we discuss some popular computer science fields
A software engineer is someone who applies engineering principles to the research, design, development, testing, implementation, and maintenance of complex software programs and the systems that employ them. Software engineers are often divided into two groups: applications engineers and systems engineers Software engineers identify and assess an organization’s needs and then go about creating software systems, programs and applications to meet those needs
Computer programmers do the actual writing of software programs. More specifically, a computer programmer takes a program design created by a software developer or engineer and converts it into the code that a computer can understand. Computer programmers must be adept in one or more computer languages like C++ and Python, as well as code libraries, which are collections of previously written code used to increase coding efficiency. Additionally, computer programmers test existing programs and correct errors.
Database Administrators are responsible for establishing databases for organizations in all sectors of the economy in accordance with their specific needs to ensure that data is readily accessible for efficient and effective use by anyone with permission to use it. They also maintain and troubleshoot existing databases. Database administrators, especially those working for smaller companies, are often in charge of all database functions, while others may specialize in a particular area such as systems administration or application database administration.
Computer hardware engineers are employed in the research, design, and development of computer systems and their parts including processors, memory, circuit boards, network equipment, mobile devices, and many others. They also design and develop non-computer equipment that employs processors and related components, such as vehicle parts, medical devices, and appliances
Network architects are the professionals responsible for the design, creation, development, modification, and maintenance of an organization’s IP network hardware and software. This can include both wide area networks (WANs) and local area networks (LANs). Network architects work closely with their employers or clients to design networks that best meet an organization’s plans and network needs.
Computer systems analysts are IT professionals whose job is to research, plan, design and implement computer information systems for businesses, government agencies, and other organizations. They commonly analyze current computer systems and make recommendations as to how those systems can be modified or upgraded to operate more efficiently and effectively
There are three main types of entrances conducted for admissions for a degree in India. The first one is the very popular JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) conducted by IIT for Computer Engineering.
The second type of entrance exams are those conducted by respective states and are for all the engineering seats in that state which fall under the government-owned universities.
The third entrances are conducted by some private universities and colleges.
One of the popular pathways taken and preferred by many students these days is to pursue undergraduate studies abroad. This pathway is comparatively easier to undertake since the student can select the college and stream which he or she is interested in. There are various scholarships for studying engineering abroad and these help in managing the costs to a certain extent.
Bear in mind that the student may be required to give an additional exam called SAT and or IELTS depending on the country and course. Please click here to read more about the SAT and IELTS.
It is the biggest and most extensive field covering a variety of topics and subjects such as anthropology, archaeology, law, religion, music, arts, linguistics and languages, etc.
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